Our technology framework combines non-traditional, creative approaches to Shea business innovation with conventional strategy development models and Shea Production Technology (Shea Waste Management: Recover, Recycle & Resuse) . It brings together perspectives from a number of complementary disciplines: the non-traditional approaches to innovation found in the business creativity movement; traditional strategy consulting; the new product development perspective of industrial Shea factory design & development; qualitative consumer/customer research; futures research found in think tanks and traditional scenario planning; and organizational development practices that examine the effectiveness of an organization’s culture, processes and structures. A member of Global Shea Alliance (GSA) and Shea consultant to USAID’s Nigeria Expanded Trade and Transport (NEXTT) Program.
These dimensions are:
- Collective intelligence
- Systems Approaches to Business Strategy
- Industry Foresight – Understanding Emerging Trends
- Consumer/Customer Insight – Understanding Articulated and Unarticulated Needs
- Core Technologies and Competencies Leveraging
- Organizational Readiness – The Ability to Take Action
- Disciplined Implementation – Managing the Path From Inspiration To Business Impact.
Shea Agro-ecology, Sahel Africa
Africa Demand / Supply for Shea Nut / Butter
The Shea tree (Vitelleria paradoxa), formerly known as Butyrospermum paradoxum is an important oil tree in Nigeria. It is found growing naturally in the dry Savanna belt of West Africa and it occurs in 19 countries across the African continent, namely Benin, Ghana, Chad, Burkina Ffaso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Guinea Bissau, CoteD’Ivoire, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaire and Guinea. In Shea trees in the Guinea and Sudan Savannah regions of Nigeria and less abundantly in the Sudan Savanna that is, Niger, Kogi, Benue, Nassarawa, Plateau, Bauchi, Gombe, Kaduna, Kano, Jigawa, katsina, Borno, Yobe, Taraba, Adamawa,Kebbi,Sokoto, Zamfara, Edo, Ekiti, Oyo States and FCT, Abuja. The tree flowers between December-March yearly, while the fruits are harvested between May-September yearly. The fruits have pleasant fragrance and are pollinated by insects. The tree does not generally bear fruits until 12-15 years. This slow growth and late maturity weighs against shea tree becoming a popular plantation crop.
The Shea Industry’s Economic Impact in Africa
1.Area of core Shea zone GIS estimate = 2.64 million km2
2.Area of zone suitable for Shea = 1.15 million km2
3.Average. Shea tree density = 7 trees ha-1 [parkland density 15-50 ha-]
4.Potential number of Shea trees in core zone = 807 million
5.Average dry Shea kernel yield per tree = 5kg
6..Estimate of total ‘potential’ production = 4.04 million metric tons
Over the past four decades, village-level technologies for improved Shea processing have been developed, which have proven highly successful in eastern and Central Africa. Despite a longer-term investment in technology development in West Africa, much work remains to adequately address West African technical requirements, due to the harder consistency (higher stearin to olein ratio) of the West African paradoxa sub-species.
Source: GSA 2012 West African paradoxa (Shea) sub-species
Use of Shea Tree Products
Other than Shea butter from the kernel of Shea fruit other part of the Shea tree like bark, fruit, leave and root extracts has vital use in the community. The tree used as a shade, medicine, traditional agriculture for placing hives and traditional cultural ceremonies. The use of wood in engineering structures, house posts and support poles, also in ship building, for shingles, stakes and fencing, sleepers, medium and heavy-duty flooring, joinery, seats, household utensils, durable platters and bowls, pestles and mortars and tool handles. The flesh from the ripen fruit used as delicious diet in local community, that plays important role in nutrition supplement. This fruit also used as source of income as it sold fresh in local market .The bark and root extracts of both subspecies are also used to cure human as well as animal diseases. The leaves and the young sprouts of these species serve as forage while the flowers yield nectar for the bees and the ash produced from the wood is also used as dyeing material.